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Spices are beneficial due to their antioxidants, anti-inflammatory, and antibacterial effects. There are many Indian cuisines out there that use the following spices mentioned below, so fellow humans give it a try in any of the many Indian restaurants around the world. Everything in moderation is ideally for us along with a balanced diet.
Asafoetida can treat asthma, coughs, bronchitis and digestion. (Iranshahy & Iranshahi, 2011). Asafoetida is known to relieve painful and excessive menstrual cramps in women (Asma et al., 2017).
Black pepper contains iron and reduces flatulence, constipation, diarrhoea, heart disease and gangrene (Aggarwal & Kunnumakkara, 2009), (Butt et al., 2013); (Kunnumakkara et al., 2009).
Cardamom reduces cramps, flatulence and controls excessive production of acids (Sen et al., 2009) (Sidhu et al., 2007); (Gilani et al., 2008). Cardamom treats coughs, cold and bronchitis (Prasad et al., 2012).
Cinnamon reduces abdominal fat and blood glucose levels and insulin resistance by activating the insulin receptors (Anderson, 2008). Cinnamon prevents indigestion, and poor blood circulation and relieves common cold, diarrhoea and tension during menstruation (Shen et al., 2012); (Shikha & Alka, 2018).
Clove is used as an expectorant and relieves pain, vomiting and digestive issues like gas, diarrhoea and nausea (Left et al., 2008); (Bhowmik et al., 2012).
Coriander aids in digestion and reduces oxidative stress in diabetic individuals (Asif, 2011); (Hashim et al., 2005).
Cumin boosts the immune system and treats anaemia, diarrhoea, stomach pains, cramps, indigestion and the common cold (Bansal et al., 2015); (Majdalawieh, & Fayyad, 2015).
Nutmeg fights tooth decay (Maheshwari et al., 2014). Nutmeg improves memory and appetite and reduces flatulence and muscle tension (Kunnumakkara et al., 2009), (Saxena & Patil, 2012); (Sowbhagya, 2016).
Saffron treat depression and improves digestion, memory and appetite and prevents vision loss (Howes & Houghton, 2003), (Makri et al., 2013), (Moghaddasi, 2010); (Lopresti & Drummond, 2014).
Turmeric cleanses the liver from excessive use of alcohol (Debjit Bhowmik et al., 2009). Turmeric treats menstrual and stomach pain, toothache, arthritis, heartburn, diarrhoea, intestinal gas and stomach bloating and prevents Alzheimer’s disease, inflammation of body joints, infected wounds and ringworm (Ungphaiboon et al., 2005), (Rahmatullah et al., 2009), (Abdel-Aziz et al., 2016), (Rathaur et al., 2012); (Upadhyay et al., 2010).
Abdel-Aziz, S.M., Aeron, A. & Kahil, T.A. (2016). Health benefits and possible risks of herbal medicine. In Microbes in Food and Health, 97-116.
Aggarwal, B.B. & Kunnumakkara, A.B. (2009). Molecular targets and therapeutic uses of spices: modern uses for ancient medicine. World Scientific.
Anderson, R.A. (2008). Chromium and polyphenols from cinnamon improve insulin sensitivity: Plenary Lecture. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 67(1), 48-53.
Asif, M. (2011). The role of fruits, vegetables, and spices in diabetes. International Journal of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological diseases, 1(1), 27.
Asma, K., Sultana, A. & Rahman, K. (2017). A single-blind randomized comparative study of Asafoetida vs Mefenamic acid in dysmenorrhea, associated symptoms and health-related quality of life. Journal of Herbal Medicine, 9, 21-31.
Bansal, U., Dubey, A., Shankar, P., Sachan, A.K. & Dixit, R.K. (2015). World Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences.
Bhowmik, D., Kumar, K.S., Yadav, A., Srivastava, S., Paswan, S. & Dutta, A.S. (2012). Recent trends in Indian traditional herbs Syzygium aromaticum and its health benefits. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, 1(1), 13-23.
Butt, M.S., Pasha, I., Sultan, M.T., Randhawa, M.A., Saeed, F. & Ahmed, W. (2013). Black pepper and health claims: a comprehensive treatise. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 53(9), 875-886.
Debjit Bhowmik, C., Kumar, K.S., Chandira, M. & Jayakar, B. (2009). Turmeric: a herbal and traditional medicine. Archives of Applied Science Research, 1(2), 86-108.
Gilani, A.H., Jabeen, Q., Khan, A.U. & Shah, A.J. (2008). Gut modulatory, blood pressure lowering, diuretic and sedative activities of cardamom. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 115(3), 463-472.
Hashim, M.S., Lincy, S., Remya, V., Teena, M. & Anila, L. (2005). Effect of polyphenolic compounds from Coriandrum sativum on H2O2-induced oxidative stress in human lymphocytes. Food Chemistry, 92(4), 653-660.
Howes, M.J.R. & Houghton, P.J. (2003). Plants used in Chinese and Indian traditional medicine for improvement of memory and cognitive function. Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior, 75(3), 513-527.
Iranshahy, M. & Iranshahi, M. (2011). Traditional uses, phytochemistry and pharmacology of asafoetida – A review. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 134(1), 1-10.
Kunnumakkara, A.B., Koca, C., Dey, S., Gehlot, P., Yodkeeree, S., Danda, D., Sung, B. & Aggarwal, B.B. (2009). Traditional uses of spices: an overview. In Molecular targets and therapeutic uses of spices: modern uses for ancient medicine, 1-24.
Left, R.I., Stomach, O.A. & Stomach, U.A. (2008). The digestive system.
Lopresti, A.L. & Drummond, P.D. (2014). Saffron (Crocus sativus) for depression: a systematic review of clinical studies and examination of underlying antidepressant mechanisms of action. Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Experimental, 29(6), 517-527.
Maheshwari, R.K., Chauhan, A.K., Mohan, L. & Maheshwari, M. (2014). Spice up for scrumptious tang, cologne & wellbeing. Journal of Global Bioscience, 3, 304-313.
Majdalawieh, A.F. & Fayyad, M.W. (2015). Immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory action of Nigella sativa and thymoquinone: A comprehensive review. International Immunopharmacology, 28(1), 295-304.
Makri, O.E., Ferlemi, A.V., Lamari, F.N. & Georgakopoulos, C.D. (2013). Saffron administration prevents selenite-induced cataractogenesis. Molecular Vision, 19, 1188.
Moghaddasi, M.S. (2010). Saffron chemicals and medicine usage. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, 4(6), 427-430.
Prasad, S., Gupta, S.C. & Aggarwal, B.B. (2012). Micronutrients and cancer: Add spice to your life. In Nutrition, Diet and Cancer, 23-48.
Rahmatullah, M., Noman, A., Hossan, M.S., Rashid, M.H., Rahman, T., Chowdhury, M.H. & Jahan, R. (2009). A survey of medicinal plants in two areas of Dinajpur district, Bangladesh including plants which can be used as functional foods. American Eurasian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 3(4), 862-876.
Rathaur, P., Raja, W., Ramteke, P.W. & John, S.A. (2012). Turmeric: The golden spice of life. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research, 3(8), 1987.
Saxena, R. & Patil, P. (2012). Phytochemical studies on Myristica fragrance essential oil. In Biological Forum-An International Journal, 4(2), 62-64.
Sen, S., Chakraborty, R., De, B. & Mazumder, J. (2009). Plants and phytochemicals for peptic ulcer: An overview. Pharmacognosy Reviews, 3(6), 270.
Sidhu, K., Kaur, J., Kaur, G. & Pannu, K. (2007). Prevention and cure of digestive disorders through the use of medicinal plants. Journal of Human Ecology, 21(2), 113-116.
Shen, Y., Jia, L.N., Honma, N., Hosono, T., Ariga, T. & Seki, T. (2012). Beneficial effects of cinnamon on the metabolic syndrome, inflammation, and pain, and mechanisms underlying these effects – A review. Journal of traditional and complementary medicine, 2(1), 27-32.
Shikha & Alka, (2018). Cinnamon: An Imperative Spice for Human Health.
Sowbhagya, D. (2016). Spice Essential Oils.
Ungphaiboon, S., Supavita, T., Singchangchai, P., Sungkarak, S., Rattanasuwan, P. & Itharat, A. (2005). Study on antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of turmeric clear liquid soap for wound treatment of HIV patients. Songklanakarin Journal of Science and Technology, 27(2), 269-578.
Upadhyay, B., Dhaker, A.K. & Kumar, A. (2010). Ethnomedicinal and ethnopharmaco-statistical studies of Eastern Rajasthan, India. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 129(1), 64-86.